The name Nanticoke was derived
from Nantego, the Native American tidewater people who moved
here when their Maryland lands were spoiled for hunting
by the colonial settlement in 1608. Nanticoke was incorporated
as a village in 1830; Nanticoke was chartered by the Pennsylvania
Legislature as a borough on January 31, 1874.
The City of Nanticoke is situated
between the Susquehanna River on the north and the foothills
of the Blue Ridge Mountains on the south. It occupies 3.4
square miles of land (2,179 acres) and is located in Luzerne
County, Pennsylvania. In the late 19th Century.
In the early 18th century
white settlers were attracted to the site of a village of
the Nanticoke Indians and set up a gristmill, iron forge,
and sawmill at the Susquehanna Rapids. The Nanticoke migrated
to New York state in 1793. In 1825 the first anthracite coal
mine was opened in the locality and by 1878 Nanticoke was
a major coal-mining centre. Coal mining declined with the
widespread use of fuel oil, natural gas, and electricity;
the population decreased and all the mines were closed by
1973. Nanticoke is now basically residential with some light
manufacturing development. Luzerne County Community College
is located there.
Samuel H. Kress opened
his first store, which grew into the national S. H. Kress
& Co. chain, in Nanticoke.
The Concrete City,
built by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad's coal
division in 1911 to house its workers, is located near the
Hanover section of Nanticoke. Abandoned since 1924, it was
designated an historic site in 1998, and its remains still
stand as a tourist attraction.